File Name: meaning and nature of philosophy .zip
Philosophy is for everyone. In fact, although most people may be vague about what philosophy is, we all engage in philosophy whether we are aware of it or not. We all have some ideas concerning free will, human nature, morality, the meaning of life, and the like. So what is philosophy? Literally the term philosophy is derived from the Greek words philos "loving" and sophia "wisdom" , and means "the love of wisdom.
Metaphysical Derived from the Greek meta ta physika "after the things of nature" ; referring to an idea, doctrine, or posited reality outside of human sense perception. In modern philosophical terminology, metaphysics refers to the studies of what cannot be reached through objective studies of material reality. Areas of metaphysical studies include ontology , cosmology , and often, epistemology. Metaphysical - Longer definition: Metaphysics is a type of philosophy or study that uses broad concepts to help define reality and our understanding of it. Metaphysical studies generally seek to explain inherent or universal elements of reality which are not easily discovered or experienced in our everyday life.
Philosophy of science is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods , and implications of science. The central questions of this study concern what qualifies as science , the reliability of scientific theories, and the ultimate purpose of science. This discipline overlaps with metaphysics , ontology , and epistemology , for example, when it explores the relationship between science and truth. Philosophy of science focuses on metaphysical, epistemic and semantic aspects of science. Ethical issues such as bioethics and scientific misconduct are often considered ethics or science studies rather than philosophy of science.
Metaphysics , branch of philosophy whose topics in antiquity and the Middle Ages were the first causes of things and the nature of being. The Physics is not about the quantitative science now called physics ; instead, it concerns philosophical problems about sensible and mutable i. Accordingly, metaphysica is the root of the words for metaphysics in almost all western European languages e. The relation between these two definitions is a much-debated question. While it is certainly true that all the problems that Aristotle considered in his treatise are still said to belong to metaphysics, since at least the 17th century the word metaphysics has been applied to a much wider range of questions.
The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion , popular culture , and philosophy. In philosophical terms, the notion of the existence of God involves the disciplines of epistemology the nature and scope of knowledge and ontology study of the nature of being , existence , or reality and the theory of value since concepts of perfection are connected to notions of God. The Western tradition of philosophical discussion of the existence of God began with Plato and Aristotle , who made arguments that would now be categorized as cosmological. Other arguments for the existence of God have been proposed by St. Atheism views arguments for the existence of God as insufficient, mistaken or weighing less in comparison to arguments against. In classical theism , God is characterized as the metaphysically ultimate being the first, timeless, absolutely simple, and sovereign being, who is devoid of any anthropomorphic qualities , in distinction to other conceptions such as theistic personalism , open theism , and process theism. Classical theists do not believe that God can be completely defined.
The aim of this paper is to examine the nature, scope and importance of philosophy in the light of its relation to other disciplines. This work pays its focus on the various fundamental problems of philosophy, relating to Ethics, Metaphysics, Epistemology Logic, and its association with scientific realism.
It is an attempt to arrive at a rational conception of the reality as a whole. It enquires into the nature of the universe in which we live, the nature of the human soul, and its destiny, and the nature of God or the Absolute, and their relation to one another. It enquires into the nature of matter, time, space, causality, evolution, life, and mind, and their relation to one another.
After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Philosophy 2. Modes of Philosophy 3. Branches of Philosophy. Philos means love and Sophia means wisdom. Thus philosophy means love of wisdom. Search of wisdom or truth is called philosophy and the man who engages himself in this search is called a philosopher.
Before that time the wise men had called themselves a sage, which was interpreted to mean those who know. Pythagoras was more modest. He coined the word philosopher, which he defined as one who is attempting to find out. According to him, men and women of the world could be classified into 3 groups: 1. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is the rational attempt to formulate, understand, and answer fundamental questions.
То же самое будет и со мной, - подумала. Сьюзан вспомнила о единственном остающемся выходе - личном лифте Стратмора. Но она понимала, что надежды нет: электроника вряд ли уцелела после катастрофы. Двигаясь в дыму, она вдруг вспомнила слова Хейла: У этого лифта автономное электропитание, идущее из главного здания. Я видел схему. Она знала, что это. Как и то, что шахта лифта защищена усиленным бетоном.
Она попыталась высвободиться. Коммандер не отпускал. Она попробовала закричать, но голос ей не повиновался. Ей хотелось убежать, но сильные руки тянули ее .