File Name: punjab history and culture in punjabi language.zip
Punj means five and aab means water, so Punjab means five waters. Beas, and Satluj. These five rivers divide the state into three regions : Majha, Doaba and Malwa. Punjab enjoys the natural benefits and fertile soil the gives good cultivation. Punjab is the oldest cultivation on the earth and with its distinguished language, culture, food, attire, script, folklore, people, etc. Punjabi language has its originating source in Sanskrit not Hindi or Urdu as many young Indian Pakistanis believe , i.
The History of the Punjab refers to the history of the Punjab region , a geopolitical, cultural, and historical region in South Asia , comprising areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India. Punjab was historically a Hindu - Buddhist region during this period, known for its high activity of scholarship, technology, and arts. Intermittent wars between various kingdoms was characteristic of this time, except in times of temporary unification under centralised Indian Empires or invading powers. After the arrival of Islamic rule in India , that had managed to rule throughout a long period of the region's history, much of Western Punjab had become a centre of Islamic culture in the Indian subcontinent. An interlude of Sikh rule under the Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his Sikh Empire had seen a brief resurfacing of traditional culture, until the British had annexed the region into the British Raj. Following the end of colonial rule, Punjab was partitioned on religious lines - the Sikh and Hindu majority districts forming East Punjab went to India, while the remaining Muslim districts of West Punjab went to Pakistan.
Punjab the land of five rivers is the biggest land area of Pakistan and is popularly known for its culture. It shares most of its cultural and carnival values with Indian culture. Punjabi Culture is one of the oldest in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. The scope, history, complexity and density of the culture are vast. Some of the main areas of the Punjabi culture include: Punjabi cuisine, philosophy, poetry, artistry, music, architecture, traditions and values and history. Some cities of Punjab have more importance for Sikh community from India.
Hello Aspirants , If you preparing for Punjab Govt. Exam, then you should have knowledge of Punjab History and Culture. So, some the questions we provide for you. Punjab History and Culture Objective Questions. General Knowledge on Punjabi Culture. Folk Dance of Punjab. Punjabi Culture Traditions.
The East India Company's half-century of vigorous territorial expansion in India began with the marquess of Wellesley's governor-generalship in and culminated in the annexation of the Punjab in The Punjab's Sikh kingdom of Lahore map 3 , established by Ranjit Singh in , had proved a particularly capable adversary, and the Company conquered the region only through a combination of political intrigue and military might. The new colonial administrative unit that resulted from this conquest-Punjab province-encompassed all or parts of what had been the Mughal suba s provinces of Lahore, Multan, and Kabul before they had been wrested by the Sikhs. Colonial Punjab as established in was thus composed of the area's five doab s, or inter-riverine tracts, the territory immediately to their east and west the trans-Indus and the cis-Sutlej territories , and the frontier areas of Peshawar, Leia, and Hazara.
Punjabi cultural heritage is among the oldest cultures in the history of world dating from prehistoric times to modern times. The history, scope, density, and complexity of this culture are broad, and some significant fields of Punjabi culture are Philosophy, Punjabi cuisine, religion, poetry, literature, music, customs, architecture, history and values. Data Sahib is also a very sacred location in Punjab, and most visitors come to visit this Darbar yearly. The Moghuls proposed the term Punjab in the seventeenth century A.
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Punjab , state of India , located in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, and Rajasthan to the southwest and by the country of Pakistan to the west. Punjab in its present form came into existence on November 1, , when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana. The city of Chandigarh , within the Chandigarh union territory, is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana. Area 19, square miles 50, square km. Punjab spans three physiographic regions, the smallest being the Siwalik Range in the northeast, where elevations reach about 3, feet metres.
Unique, colourful and extravagant, these are the attributes of the heartland of India, Punjab. Popular and distinguished across the globe, the culture of Punjab is indeed overwhelming. The delicious Punjabi food appeases your taste buds like never before. Colourful fancy clothes and Bhangra attract you like nothing else.
The culture of Punjab encompasses the spoken language, written literature, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions,sacrifices, values and history of the Punjabi people native to the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. The term 'Punjabi' can mean both a person who lives in Punjab and also a speaker of the Punjabi language. This name originates from the Persian language 'panj', five , and 'ab', water. Indus River the largest river in this five river system , and the five other rivers to the south eventually join Indus or merge into it later in the downstream of the Punjab valley. All the rivers start and flow out of the Himalayas. The culture of Punjab in the Middle Ages was extremely diverse dependent upon an individual's caste, community, religion and village [ citation needed ].
Punjab , state of India , located in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. It is bounded by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast, and Rajasthan to the southwest and by the country of Pakistan to the west. Punjab in its present form came into existence on November 1, , when most of its predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the new state of Haryana. The city of Chandigarh , within the Chandigarh union territory, is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana. Area 19, square miles 50, square km. Punjab spans three physiographic regions, the smallest being the Siwalik Range in the northeast, where elevations reach about 3, feet metres. Farther south, the narrow, undulating foothill region is dissected by closely spaced seasonal torrents, locally known as cho s, several of which terminate in the plain below without joining any stream.
Я сейчас ее убью. Сзади щелкнул взведенный курок беретты. - Отпусти ее, - раздался ровный, холодный голос Стратмора. - Коммандер! - из последних сил позвала Сьюзан. Хейл развернул Сьюзан в ту сторону, откуда слышался голос Стратмора.
Именно по этой причине увольнение из АН Б и последующая депортация стали для него таким шоком. Танкадо, как и остальные сотрудники шифровалки, работал над проектом ТРАНСТЕКСТА, будучи уверенным, что в случае успеха эта машина будет использоваться для расшифровки электронной почты только с санкции министерства юстиции. Использование ТРАНСТЕКСТА Агентством национальной безопасности должно было регулироваться примерно так же, как в случае ФБР, которому для установки подслушивающих устройств необходимо судебное постановление.
Попытка переделать Цифровую крепость - дело серьезное и хлопотное. Я не хотел тебя впутывать. - Я… понимаю, - тихо сказала она, все еще находясь под впечатлением его блистательного замысла. - Вы довольно искусный лжец.
Читайте! - Джабба обливался. - В чем разница. Должна же она. - Да! - Соши ткнула пальцем в свой монитор. - Смотрите.
Первая попытка закончилась неудачей.
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This rich cultural history set in Punjab examines a little-studied body of popular literature to illustrate both the durability of a vernacular literary tradition and the limits of colonial dominance in British India.