File Name: diseases of sheep and goats .zip
An official website of the United States government Here's how you know. Federal government websites always use a. Zoonotic diseases are contagious diseases that spread between animals and humans.
Humans can contract zoonotic diseases through direct contact with infected animals, and also by consumption of contaminated food or water, inhalation, arthropod vectors such as flies, ticks, and mosquitoes and pests. Below is a condensed list of sheep and goat diseases that can be transmitted to humans. The diseases are grouped in alphabetical order within groups of common routes for human infection. Many of these diseases, whether in animals or humans, are reportable to State and Federal Authorities.
Humans can become infected through the skin or by ingestion. Aerosol transmission has been suspected put not proved. Although the virus is often transmitted by ticks, animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission also occurs.
Human infections begin with a fever, but progress to a serious hemorrhagic syndrome a rash followed by severe bleeding. Cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and neurological symptoms may also occur. This is a foreign animal disease, so State and Federal veterinarians should be notified immediately of any suspected cases of CCHF.
Rabies Rabies is a severe, viral disease that can affect all mammals, including sheep and goats. People most often get rabies from the bite direct contact of an infected animal, but can also be exposed to the virus by entry of saliva, brain or spinal cord fluid of an infected animal into cuts or breaks in the skin or mucous membranes.
Early human symptoms include fever, headache, confusion and abnormal behavior neurological signs. Once signs begin, recovery is very rare. If you are bitten by an animal, immediately contact local animal control so the animal may be tested or quarantined, and contact your physician immediately to determine whether post-exposure treatment is indicated. Listeria monocytogenes causes listeriosis, a bacterial disease in ruminants and humans.
Most infections in people occur by eating raw meat or unpasteurized dairy products oral , but there are additional ways to be infected. Animals can shed L. Pregnant women or immunocompromised people should take special care to avoid unpasteurized dairy products. Unlike other bacteria, L. A skin infection form of the disease can occur in people who handle sick animals.
People with salmonellosis may have diarrhea, fever and abdominal cramping. Sarcocystosis is a disease caused by a group of parasitic protozoan species, Sarcocytis. People can get sarcocystosis by ingesting oral the protozoan, most commonly through undercooked meat products. Symptoms in people with muscular disease caused by sarcocystosis may include muscle tenderness or painful swelling, muscle weakness, headache, cough, transient itchy rashes.
Symptoms in people with intestinal disease caused by sarcocystosis may include fever, chills, sweating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting. Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by a microscopic protozoal parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. People can get toxoplasmosis by ingesting oral Toxoplasma gondii from undercooked meat. Infections in people cause flu-like signs fever, body aches, headache, sore throat. Toxoplasmosis can cause abortion or birth defects in pregnant women.
Pregnant women or immunocompromised people should avoid contact with pregnant or aborting animals. Q fever results from infection by the bacterium, Coxiella burnetii, which can infect people who inhale aerosolized organisms, or by additional routes. Most human infections are associated with cattle, sheep and goats, and often occur when the animal gives birth.
Symptoms of Q fever include fever, chills, night sweats, headache, fatigue and chest pains. Q fever can cause abortion or premature delivery in pregnant women, so pregnant women should avoid contact with pregnant or aborting animals. Mosquitoes transmitRift Valley fever, a viral disease, to cattle, sheep, and goats.
In addition to mosquitoes vector , the virus may also be spread through aerosol from infected animal tissues or fluids blood, urine, fetal fluids. People often become infected during slaughter or when assisting the delivery of newborn animals. Symptoms may include dizziness, weakness, fever, stiffness of the neck, headache, and sensitivity to light.
This is a foreign animal disease State and Federal veterinarians should be notified immediately of any suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever. Only your doctor can provide an adequate diagnosis of a zoonotic disease, based on the signs or symptoms and laboratory results.
Contact your physician immediately if you are exhibiting signs of illness after being in contact with infected or potentially infected animals. Reduce your risk of contracting a zoonotic disease by washing your hands thoroughly and frequently. Also, wear protective equipment such as gloves, coveralls and boots when working with sheep and goats, and other susceptible species.
Practice good sanitation and personal hygiene. Anyone who has contact with animals has some risk of getting zoonotic diseases, but some groups of people may be more at risk than others, such as pregnant women, children, the elderly, people with a genetic predisposition and immunocompromised individuals.
Anthrax can also be inhaled aerosol in contaminated dust from the environment or animal products e. In sheep or goats it is usually caused by B. However, only B. People can become infected by direct contact with infected animal fluids, but there are additional ways to be infected. People who work with animals e. Infection in people may cause re-occurring fever, night sweats, headaches, back pain, and joint pain.
Brucella melitensis is a foreign animal disease, so State and Federal veterinarians should be notified immediately of any suspected cases. Contagious Ecthyma Soremouth Caused by the orf virus, contagious ecthyma in people is called Orf. People become infected by direct contact with skin lesions or scabs usually on the face and mouth of infected animals. Mange, Scabies Acariasis Mites such as Sarcoptes scabiei sarcoptic mange and Psoroptes ovis psoroptic mange are easily spread to other animals or people by direct contact with infested animals.
Infestations of sheep and goats can cause debilitation and damage to the hides and wool. Sarcoptic mange is highly contagious to dogs and humans, and between humans. People infested with mites from animals will typically experience reddening of the skin, irritation and intense itching allergic reaction in the skin.
Sarcoptic mange is a foreign animal disease, so State and Federal veterinarians should be notified immediately of any suspected cases. Ringworm Dermatophytosis Ringworm is a common fungal disease caused by dermatophytes. People can become infected by direct contact with the spores on an infected animal.
Dermatophytosis tends to be more common in show lambs than production flocks. Itchiness is the most common symptom, and the spots are generally inflamed at the edge with redness, scaling, and occasionally blistering.
Tularemia Tularemia is a disease caused by the bacteria Francisella tularensis. Humans can become infected by direct contact with infected animals, in addition to other methods. In people, tularemia causes flu-like signs fever, chills, nausea, headache , and joint pain occur.
Glands or lymph nodes may become swollen and painful. In people, vesicular stomatitis causes flu-like symptoms fever, muscle aches, headache and weakness. Rarely, people can get oral blisters similar to cold sores. Although it occurs sporadically in the US it is treated as a foreign animal disease, so State and Federal veterinarians should be notified immediately of any suspected cases of vesicular stomatitis.
Handling Contaminated Tissues during Lambing or Kidding Chlamydiosis Chlamydiosis is a bacterial disease in sheep and goats is caused by Chlamydophila abortus. Pregnant animals can shed large numbers of C. Although rare, people can be infected by direct contact with birthing tissues, but there are additional ways to be infected. In people, animal-associated chlamydiosis causes flu-like signs fever, body aches, headache , reddened eyes, and pneumonia. Pregnant women should avoid contact with pregnant or aborting animals.
Contact with infected urine or water Leptospirosis Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects many animal species, as well as humans. People usually become ill after contact with infected urine, or through contact with water, but can be infected in additional ways, such as direct contact with infected animals.
People will often orally contract zoonotic diseases after eating contaminated sheep and goat products, or by ingesting contaminated material on unwashed hands following contact with an ill animal.
Anthrax see above, Direct Contact: Directly Handling Sheep and Goats People can become infected orally by eating undercooked meat of infected animals. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and severe, bloody diarrhea may occur. There is no danger from eating cooked meat or pasteurized milk products. Campylobacteriosis A major cause of enteritis in humans, Campylobacter spp. People can also be infected by untreated water or contact with infected animals or feces.
People infected with campylobacteriosis can have diarrhea, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, headache and muscle pain.
People with compromised immune systems are at higher risk for severe or recurrent infections. Chlamydiosis see above, Direct Contact: Handling Contaminated Tissues during Lambing or Kidding People are most often exposed by ingesting bacteria by way of unwashed hands after contact with an ill animal.
Cryptosporidiosis Cryptosporidiosis results from infection by Cryptosporidium parvum, a coccidian parasite common in the environment and carried by many animals without symptoms. People often become infected by ingestion following contact with objects contaminated with feces or unwashed hands after contact with ill animals.
For sheep and goats, it is recommended to vaccinate prior to lambing, weaning, and breeding. The dam produces antibodies that are transferred to the calf in the colostrum. Essential Blue Tongue. Brand name: Prevenar Pneumococcal 23vPPV A type of pneumococcal vaccine known as valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine, that helps protect against 23 serotypes of the bacterium. Ibuprofen Toxicity in Dogs and Cats. The vaccines approved for sheep and cattle can be used for goats off label with a veterinary prescription.
Many things, including toxic agents, congenital abnormalities, and infectious diseases, can cause abortions. The most common infectious microorganisms that cause abortions in goats and sheep are the following:. Many of the infectious causes of abortion in goats and sheep are zoonotic, meaning they can also cause disease in humans. The use of protective clothing and latex gloves or plastic arm sleeves is recommended anytime aborted tissues are handled or assistance is provided during kidding or lambing. The most frequent causes of respiratory infection and death of dairy goats and sheep are Pasteurella multocida or Mannheimia haemolytica previously called Pasteurella haemolytica. These bacteria are commonly found in the upper respiratory tract of healthy animals.
Zoonotic diseases are contagious diseases that spread between animals and humans. Humans can contract zoonotic diseases through direct contact with infected animals, and also by consumption of contaminated food or water, inhalation, arthropod vectors such as flies, ticks, and mosquitoes and pests. Below is a condensed list of sheep and goat diseases that can be transmitted to humans. The diseases are grouped in alphabetical order within groups of common routes for human infection. Many of these diseases, whether in animals or humans, are reportable to State and Federal Authorities. Rabies is a severe, viral disease that can affect all mammals, including sheep and goats.
Disease / Cause / Transmission / Symptoms. Actions. Anthrax, cause: Bacillus anthracis. How do sheep and goats get infected? Eating, touching or breathing.
The causes and circumstances of diarrhea in neonatal lambs and kids are similar to those in newborn calves. Intensive lambing practices and shed-lambing increase the potential for disease and buildup of infectious agents and can be associated with serious outbreaks of diarrhea. The serotypes of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli that cause secretory diarrhea in calves also do so in lambs, and the approach to diagnosis, treatment, and control is similar. Similarly, rotavirus, coronavirus, and cryptosporidia also cause outbreaks of diarrhea in lambs. Lamb dysentery caused by Clostridium perfringens type B is a distinct intestinal disease of lambs in the first week of life.
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It is important to understand legal issues, disease concerns, goat husbandry, milking, and sanitation before you get a goat as a pet or for food production. Goats may be kept for milk production, either to consume fresh or for making cheese, yogurt or other dairy products. Drinking raw unpasteurized milk, or eating products made from raw milk can be dangerous because raw milk can be contaminated with harmful bacteria. Orf is a common disease worldwide in goats and sheep. It is also called "sore mouth" or "scabby mouth. Later the blisters become crusty scabs. It is especially common in young animals and may cause them to have difficulty nursing or feeding.
Metrics details. Orf virus causes a scabby skin lesions which decreases productivity in small ruminants. Out of animals, were positive for Orf-virus antibodies. An overall prevalence rate of It was observed that
Goats harbor several species of coccidia but not all exhibit clinical coccidiosis see Coccidiosis. Adult goats shed coccidia in feces, contaminate the environment, and infect the newborn. As infection pressure builds up in the pens, morbidity in kids born later increases. Signs include diarrhea or pasty feces, loss of condition, general frailness, and failure to grow.
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