File Name: extreme programming and agile processes in software engineering .zip
Extreme programming: A case study in software engineering courses Ghazy Assassa. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Extreme programming: A case study in software engineering courses. In this paper, the authors explore the practices of XP in the context of software engineering education.
The practices of XP are examined and as they influence students skills related to software engineering courses. The paper discusses an experiment that was carried out to apply XP in a software engineering course project in the department of Computer Science at the College of Computer and Information Sciences, king Saud University. The project lasted eleven weeks and included three releases.
Results and feed back from students are reported and recommendations are highlighted. Introduction Extreme Programming "XP" is considered as the many well-known software development "best most famous and prominent agile methodology. In same room as the programmers, interacting with this paper we discuss an experiment for adopting the team as necessary. Besides, Each morning XP methodology for software development of programmers participate in a short stand up eleven-week course projects at a senior level meeting; this enhances the effectiveness of software engineering course.
The discussion will communication as participants become more include reviewing related work, experiment close. XP was developed with four core values in setup, results and discussions of the experiment, mind: Communication, Simplicity, Feedback and and our conclusion and recommendations.
From these values twelve practices were derived [4, 5]. Extreme Programming 2. It works by bringing the whole team together in the 1. The Planning Game: the business and presence of simple practices, with enough development teams get together to decide on feedback to enable the team to see where they what features of the required system will be are and to tune the practices to their unique of maximum value to the business. The situation.
First, practices for rapidly developing high-quality customer requirements are written in natural software.
XP is extreme in the sense that it takes language, informal "User Story" cards, similar to use cases . Software developers place time are written to verify the software.
The estimates and customers assign priorities to software is then developed to pass these each card. Together, the developers and the tests. Two types of testing is which the customer chooses those User carried out, unit and functional testing. Stories that comprise the most important 5. Unit Testing. Extensive, automated content for a short, incremental deliverable white box test cases are written before of about one month. Each short production code is produced.
These implementation increment is accepted and automated tests are added to the code tried by the customer. Then, the remaining base. This ensures that the new code implements the new functionality without breaking 2. Functional Test. Traditionally, project early and updated frequently in short cycles.
At of how much of their task has been the end of each release, the customer completed. Alternately, XP promotes reviews the interim product, identify defects, the use of functional test case tracking and adjust future requirements. When a the development process and functional test case is successfully communication between all parties.
XP passed, it can be considered that a believes that each application should have specified functionality has been conceptual integrity based on a simple implemented properly. Project metaphor, which explains the essence of completeness is based on the how the system works. For example, one percentage of functional test cases that large XP project was a payroll system for have been passed.
Team members can Chrysler. The metaphor for this project was unequivocally compute this measure. Automated testing: It isn't enough to line where hour parts were converted to write tests: you have to run them. Unit dollar parts, all parts were assembled and a tests are all collected together, and paycheck was produced. Simple Design: the simplest design is every single one of the programmer always used to build the application as long tests must run correctly.
One hundred as it meets the current business percent, all the time! Developer have requirements. Do not worry about future interest to use appropriate automated requirements as requirements change with testing frameworks, e.
JUnit and time anyway. Refactoring practice see NUnit, to control and simplify the task below will ensure that the design is of a of repeated testing and continuous high standard. XP strives for supremely integration. This means that simple designs. They stress that programmers get immediate feedback programmers should not try to predict future on how they're doing. Additionally, needs and to produce more complicated these tests provide invaluable support design accordingly. Developers should as the software design is improved.
An agreed upon coding and explicitly. Its essence is applying a series of small behavior preserving transformations that 2. By doing them in small steps you reduce the risk of Incremental change: Big changes can be risky introducing errors . Pair Programming: programmers using XP Small initial project investment: XP projects are paired and write all production code are started with a small number of developers using a single machine per pair.
This helps and then built up, as more developers are the code to be constantly reviewed while required. Pair Programming has proved to produce high quality code with little or no Stand up Meetings: meetings are held decrease in productivity . The purpose of this is 8. Collective Code Ownership: all the code for members to report problems but no solutions belongs to every member of the team, no are proposed.
The developers then leave the single member of the team owns a piece of meeting and ponder on the solutions. This encourages is responsible for tracking the progress of other everyone to contribute new ideas to all team members.
Minimal documentation: documentation is kept 9. Continuous Integration: software systems to the barest minimum. As a result, Experiment: experiments are carried out to there are many product builds each day. Background work project normally adhere to a 40 hour working week in order to maintain Many studies have been carried out on the use of productivity and avoid burn out. It was XP in educational environment [11, 12, 13, 14, found that during crunch periods when 15].
The study of [11, 13] concluded that it is overtime is worked, the artifacts that are not advisable to teach and practice entire produced are poor. On-site Customer: one or more customers that includes both agile and traditional practices who will use the system being built are if the students had only one software engineering allocated to the development team. The course. This ensures that there most successfully established XP-practices; in is effective communication with the particular the continuous integration and pair customer and as a result less documentation programming practices were not successfully will be required.
Coding Standards: everyone on an XP The study of  for ten-week software project use the same Coding Standards engineering course indicated that the XP teams which makes it easy to work in pairs and were unable to adopt many XP practices, with share ownership of all code. In code ownership, and batch integration. Typically, students would have some The work of  showed that it was possible to 12 weeks conducting the course project.
In our use the XP methodology successfully for final experiment, the project lasted eleven weeks year capstone projects, but that students need to including two weeks at the beginning for project be actively coached in the skills necessary to and methodology definitions and one week at the make XP. It should be noted that the current experiment may suffer from the According to , the key factors producing fact that the time allowed for the experiment is successful XP outcome for a project course were: relatively short eight weeks thus allowing only skilled tutors were able to act as Extreme for small scale projects.
Programming coaches for the teams; timetabling and physical facilities that strongly support ATM project scope group working; and external clients who were Since the aim of this study was not to deliver a willing and able to engage with the Extreme software product to a customer, a simple but Programming processes. In the 4. The Experiment context of simple problem, it has been pointed out  that the disadvantage of a simple A description of the experiment setup is given problem, such as a roman number converter, is hereafter including student's previous exposure that somehow it is not real enough - the to XP, students background, duration of the consequence is that students loose confidence experiment, ATM project scope, group after they return from their course because some formation, tools, and customer and XP mentor of the subtle aspects of XP have not been activities.
Taking this into consideration, we selected a real-world problem, namely, Student's previous exposure to XP simulation for an ATM system for which student Students participating in this experiment had no were asked to develop the corresponding system. Therefore, they had The system scope was limited to providing the been introduced to the practices of XP in the first following basic services to the user: ATM access two weeks of study.
As for instructors, the ' login', change PIN, cash withdrawal, cash experiment is the first one in using XP for deposit, transfer to another account, balance developing course projects. Students background Group formation: The 8 students participating The experiment was conducted on senior-level in the experiment were asked to form 4 groups class of eight students enrolled in CSC each comprising 2 students.
During the first two Software Engineering course offered by the weeks of study, the XP methodology was rapidly department of Computer Science at the college explained and a comparison with the waterfall of Computer and Information Sciences, king model was highlighted.
Students' background related was succinctly presented. Students also had project within the semester time frame, we completed their BSc graduation projects, CSC preferred to allow students to select the tools , CSC , using traditional methodologies, they have more experience with. The three XP mostly waterfall approach. Team 1: ASP. The WF team worked with C and timeframe of a single semester, fall
This open access book constitutes the research workshops, doctoral symposium and panel summaries presented at the 20th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP , held in Montreal, QC, Canada, in May XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice. It is a hybrid forum where agile researchers, academics, practitioners, thought leaders, coaches, and trainers get together to present and discuss their most recent innovations, research results, experiences, concerns, challenges, and trends. Following this history, for both researchers and seasoned practitioners XP provided an informal environment to network, share, and discover trends in Agile for the next 20 years. Research papers and talks submissions were invited for the three XP research workshops, namely, agile transformation, autonomous teams, and large scale agile.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Sharp and T. Sharp , T. Hall Published in Lecture Notes in Business…. While agile development has already become mainstream in industry, this field is still constantly evolving and continues to spur an enormous interest both in industry and academia.
Extreme Programming XP is an agile software development framework that aims to produce higher quality software, and higher quality of life for the development team. XP is the most specific of the agile frameworks regarding appropriate engineering practices for software development. The general characteristics where XP is appropriate were described by Don Wells on www.
Extreme programming XP is a software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements. As a type of agile software development ,    it advocates frequent "releases" in short development cycles, which is intended to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints at which new customer requirements can be adopted. Other elements of extreme programming include: programming in pairs or doing extensive code review , unit testing of all code, not programming features until they are actually needed , a flat management structure, code simplicity and clarity, expecting changes in the customer's requirements as time passes and the problem is better understood, and frequent communication with the customer and among programmers.
XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice, and XP provided a playful and informal environment to learn and trigger discussions around its main theme — make, inspect, adapt. The 21 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: agile requirements; agile testing; agile transformation; scaling agile; human-centric agile; and continuous experimentation.
Я зарабатываю гораздо больше, чем в состоянии потратить, - думала она, - поэтому будет вполне естественным, если я буду платить. Но если не считать его изрядно устаревших представлений о рыцарстве, Дэвид, по мнению Сьюзан, вполне соответствовал образцу идеального мужчины. Внимательный и заботливый, умный, с прекрасным чувством юмора и, самое главное, искренне интересующийся тем, что она делает. Чем бы они ни занимались - посещали Смитсоновский институт, совершали велосипедную прогулку или готовили спагетти у нее на кухне, - Дэвид всегда вникал во все детали. Сьюзан отвечала на те вопросы, на которые могла ответить, и постепенно у Дэвида сложилось общее представление об Агентстве национальной безопасности - за исключением, разумеется, секретных сторон деятельности этого учреждения. Основанное президентом Трумэном в 12 часов 01 минуту 4 ноября 1952 года, АНБ на протяжении почти пятидесяти лет оставалось самым засекреченным разведывательным ведомством во всем мире. Семистраничная доктрина сжато излагала программу его работы: защищать системы связи американского правительства и перехватывать сообщения зарубежных государств.
and Agile should be merged into a unified software engineering process, leveraging on their common Integration of extreme programming and user-centered design: Lessons learned. In: compassionhamilton.org#page=49. Mao.
Невозможно представить, что машина могла спутать пароль с командой отключения Следопыта. Понимая, что теряет время, Сьюзан вызвала на экран регистр замка и проверила, верно ли был введен персональный код. Все было сделано как положено.
- Когда я уйду, пожалуйста, никаких глупостей. И у стен есть. Бринкерхофф опустился на стул, слушая, как стук ее каблуков затихает в конце коридора. По крайней мере Мидж не станет болтать. У нее есть и свои слабости.
То, что началось как в высшей степени патриотическая миссия, самым неожиданным образом вышло из-под контроля. Коммандер был вынужден принимать невероятные решения, совершать чудовищные поступки, на которые, как ему казалось раньше, не был способен. Это единственное решение. Единственное, что остается.
- Уберите ногу. Взгляд Беккера упал на пухлые пальцы мужчины. Никакого кольца. Я так близок к цели, - подумал. - Ein Ring! - повторил Беккер, но дверь закрылась перед его носом.
Она лишь хотела знать, что человек, которого она любит, в безопасности. Стратмор, в свою очередь, тоже сгорал от нетерпения, но подругой причине. Если Дэвид и дальше задержится, придется послать ему на помощь кого-то из полевых агентов АНБ, а это было связано с риском, которого коммандер всеми силами хотел избежать.