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Difference Between Algae And Fungi Pdf

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The pro-duction of dark conidia and pigments was recorded in culture media during the cultivation of mela-nized fungi. Fungi sing. Fungus are group of heterotrophic , spore bearing and non vascular organisms without chlorophyll.

Bacteria and Fungi come under different categories; the former one is the prokaryotic cell while the latter one is Eukaryotic cells.

What is Bacteria? Bacteria are microscopic , single-celled entities that flourish in diverse environments. Some thrive in the soil; others live deep inside a human gut. Some bacteria are useful to humans, while others are malevolent and cause disease.

Algae and fungi are characterised by the possession of

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in nature and are beneficial to life, but some can cause serious harm. They can be divided into six major types: bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses. Bacteria are unicellular organisms. The cells are described as prokaryotic because they lack a nucleus. They exist in four major shapes: bacillus rod shape , coccus spherical shape , spirilla spiral shape , and vibrio curved shape. Most bacteria have a peptidoglycan cell wall; they divide by binary fission; and they may possess flagella for motility.

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in nature and are beneficial to life, but some can cause serious harm. They can be divided into six major types: bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses. Bacteria are unicellular organisms. The cells are described as prokaryotic because they lack a nucleus. They exist in four major shapes: bacillus rod shape , coccus spherical shape , spirilla spiral shape , and vibrio curved shape.

Question 1. Solanum trilobatum is the binomial name of Thoothuvalai. Question 2. Question 3. Floridean starch is a reserve food material of ……………. Question 4.

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Algae , singular alga , members of a group of predominantly aquatic photosynthetic organisms of the kingdom Protista. Algae have many types of life cycles, and they range in size from microscopic Micromonas species to giant kelps that reach 60 metres feet in length. Their photosynthetic pigments are more varied than those of plants , and their cells have features not found among plants and animals. In addition to their ecological roles as oxygen producers and as the food base for almost all aquatic life, algae are economically important as a source of crude oil and as sources of food and a number of pharmaceutical and industrial products for humans. The taxonomy of algae is contentious and subject to rapid change as new molecular information is discovered. The study of algae is called phycology , and a person who studies algae is a phycologist. In this article the algae are defined as eukaryotic nucleus-bearing organisms that photosynthesize but lack the specialized multicellular reproductive structures of plants, which always contain fertile gamete -producing cells surrounded by sterile cells.


Algae possess chlorophyll for photosynthesis. · Fungi do not possess any photosynthetic pigment. · Algae are autotrophs.


1.2A Types of Microorganisms

Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms and are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches fruticose , flat leaf-like structures foliose , flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint crustose , [5] a powder-like appearance leprose , or other growth forms. A macrolichen is a lichen that is either bush-like or leafy; all other lichens are termed microlichens. Lichens occur from sea level to high alpine elevations, in many environmental conditions, and can grow on almost any surface.

Algae and fungi both are eukaryotic organisms, which are classified under kingdom Protista and kingdom Fungi. Kingdom Protista contains protozoans and molds in addition to algae. Algae play a vital role in ecosystems as primary producers and producers of oxygen gasses. Fungi grow as chains of cells called fungal hyphae.

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It is a polyphyletic grouping that includes species from multiple distinct clades. Most are aquatic and autotrophic and lack many of the distinct cell and tissue types, such as stomata , xylem and phloem , which are found in land plants. The largest and most complex marine algae are called seaweeds , while the most complex freshwater forms are the Charophyta , a division of green algae which includes, for example, Spirogyra and stoneworts.

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belong to the kingdom Protista whereas.

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