File Name: lead acid battery construction and working file.zip
A lead acid battery consists of a negative electrode made of spongy or porous lead. The lead is porous to facilitate the formation and dissolution of lead. The positive electrode consists of lead oxide.
Almost every portable and handheld device consist a battery. The battery is a storage device where energy is stored to provide the power whenever needed. There are different types of batteries available in this modern electronics world, among them Lead Acid battery is commonly used for high power supply. Usually Lead Acid batteries are bigger in size with hard and heavy construction, they can store high amount of energy and generally used in automobiles and inverters. Even after getting competition with Li-ion batteries, Lead acid batteries demand is increasing day by day, because they are cheaper and easy-to-handle in comparison with Li-ion batteries.
A lead storage battery, also known as a lead-acid battery, is the oldest type of rechargeable battery and one of the most common energy storage devices. Most people are accustomed to using them in vehicles, where they have the ability to provide high currents for cranking power. Although the batteries are reliable, they have a limited life, are heavy to ship, and contain toxic materials that require specific removal methods at the end of their useful life. Lead-acid batteries have moderate power density and good response time. Depending on the power conversion technology incorporated, batteries can go from accepting energy to supplying energy instantaneously. Lead-acid batteries are affected by temperature and must be maintained in order to achieve maximum life expectancy. The cells initially had low capacity.
Definition: The battery which uses sponge lead and lead peroxide for the conversion of the chemical energy into electrical power, such type of battery is called a lead acid battery. The lead acid battery is most commonly used in the power stations and substations because it has higher cell voltage and lower cost. The various parts of the lead acid battery are shown below. The container and the plates are the main part of the lead acid battery. Container — The container of the lead acid battery is made of glass, lead lined wood, ebonite, the hard rubber of bituminous compound, ceramic materials or moulded plastics and are seated at the top to avoid the discharge of electrolyte. At the bottom of the container, there are four ribs, on two of them rest the positive plate and the others support the negative plates.
Lead Acid Battery — The type of battery which uses lead peroxide and sponge lead for the conversion of the chemical energy into electrical energy, such type of the electric battery is called a lead acid battery. Because it has higher cell voltage and lower cost, the lead acid battery is most often used in power stations and substations. Read my article on how to make your own high ampere large Lead Acid battery , this article also explains what tools you should have and how to use them. The type of devices in which the Chemical Energy is converted into Electrical Energy are called electric cells. When a specific number of these electric cells are electrically connected in Series and Parallel combinations it forms a Battery. Basically each electric cell is made of two different or dissimilar conductors that are immersed in the conducting solution. So, an electric Battery is such a type of electrochemical device that converts the chemical reactions happening among the electric cells into electrical energy.
Before directly jumping to know the concepts related to lead acid battery, let us start with its history. So, a French scientist named Nicolas Gautherot in the year observed that in the electrolysis testing, there exists a minimal amount of current even when there is a disconnection of the main battery. Whereas in the year, a scientist named Gatson developed lead acid battery and this was the first one that gets recharged through the passage of reverse current. This was the initial version of this kind of battery whereas Faure then added many enhancements to this and finally, the practical type of lead acid battery was invented by Henri Tudor in Let us have a more detailed discussion on this kind of battery , working, types, construction, and benefits. Lead acid battery comes under the classification of rechargeable and secondary batteries. This corresponds that lead acid cells possess a high amount of power to weight proportions.
Despite having a very low energy-to-weight ratio and a low energy-to-volume ratio, its ability to supply high surge currents means that the cells have a relatively large power-to-weight ratio. These features, along with their low cost, make them attractive for use in motor vehicles to provide the high current required by starter motors. As they are inexpensive compared to newer technologies, lead—acid batteries are widely used even when surge current is not important and other designs could provide higher energy densities.
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The size of the working electrodes prepared in this work reduces in an The negative active material (NAM) of a Lead Acid battery is a.Brian S. 22.05.2021 at 06:41
The battery which uses sponge lead and lead peroxide for the conversion of the chemical energy into electrical power, such type of battery is called a lead acid.